Scientists and the news media are presenting ever more evidence of climate change. Governments cannot be expected to solve this problem. It is the responsibility of individuals to change their lifestyle to prevent further damage. Do you agree or disagree?
开头段：背景介绍 + 个人立场
主体段1：理由 1 + 论证
主体段2：理由 2 + 论证
结尾段：总结理由 + 重申观点
背景句：Recently scientists worried about climate change and they have urged governments to introduce measures to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. Simultaneously, politicians and environmentalists have urged individuals to make changes to their lifestyle.
个人立场：I shall argue that governments and individuals should take responsibility for this problem.
主题句：Firstly, industry accounts for a large proportion of the greenhouse gas emissions, and this can only be controlled by government action.
论证：I do not believe that planet Earth exists only for the benefit of humans, and there is nothing special about this particular century that means we suddenly have the right to allow or encourage the extinction of any species. Furthermore, there is no compelling reason why we should let animals die out. We do not need to exploit or destroy every last square metre of land in order to feed or accommodate the world’s population. There is plenty of room for us to exist side by side with wild animals, and this should be our aim.
主题句：However, national and international policies will only succeed if individuals also change their lifestyle.
论证：For example, people could think more carefully about how they use energy in their homes. By using less electricity, installing energy-efficient light bulbs and electrical appliances, or investing in solar panels, individuals can make a real difference. In addition, I think individual attitudes to transport need to change. Instead of making short trips by car, people could choose to walk, cycle, or take a bus. Since cars are the major source of the problem, changing our behaviour in this area would have a major impact.
总结理由 + 重申观点
In conclusion, I would maintain that only a combination of international agreement, national policies, and changes in individual behaviour will succeed in preventing further damage to the environment.
urge to do sth 迫切做某事
greenhouse gas emissions 温室气体排放
account for 导致；占......
a proportion of 比例
solar panel 太阳能电池板
make a difference 起重要作用，有影响