**Section 3 Questions 21.-22.**
**21.-22.** Which TWO characteristics were shared by the subjects of Joanna's psychology study?
解题思路：本题问的是共通点是什么，注意关键词Joanna's psychology study。
JOANNA: ...They were all very highly regarded in the music world and they'd done quite extensive tours in different continents, and quite a few had won prizes and competitions as well.
SUPERVISOR: And they were quite young, weren't they?
JOANNA: Yes, between 25 and 29 - the mean was 27.8. I wasn't specifically looking for artists who'd produced recordings, but this is something that's just taken for granted these days, arid they all had.
答案解析：根据原文they‘d done quite extensive tours in different continents…可知，在很多大陆都进行了巡回演出和toured internationally为相同意思，根据I wasn't specifically looking for artists who'd produced recordings, but this is something that's just taken for granted these days, arid they all had可知，我本来没想找出过唱片的音乐家，但他们竟然都录过唱片和all made music recordings为同样意思，所以本题答案是BD。
**23.-24.** Which TWO points does Joanna make about her use of telephone interviews?
JOANNA: Yes. I realised if I was going to interview leading musicians it'd only be possible over the phone because they're so busy. I recorded them using a telephone recording adaptor. I'd been worried about the quality, but it worked out all right. I managed at least a 30-minute interview with each subject, sometimes longer.
SUPERVISOR: Did doing it on the phone make it more stressful?
JOANNA: I'd thought it might ... it was all quite informal though and in fact they seemed very keen to talk. And I don't think using the phone meant I got less rich data, rather the opposite in fact.
答案解析：根据原文And I don't think using the phone meant I got less rich data, rather the opposite in fact可知，用电话采访并不代表收集的信息量会少，其实我收集到很多信息呢和rich data could be collected为相同意思，A正确；根据原文if I was going to interview leading musicians it’d only be possible over the phone...可知，我要采访一些顶尖音乐家的话，只能用电话采访这个形式，即leading musicians = top performers，所以B正确；虽然提到担心录音质量，但是worked out all right，排除E；采访时间：至少半小时，有的会更长一些，所以排除D选项；虽然说了stressful，但是又说受访者很乐意交谈，排除C，本题选AB。
**25.-26.** Which TWO topics did Joanna originally intend to investigate in her research?
题干翻译：下面哪两个话题是 Joanna 最开始就打算调研的？
JOANNA: That's right. My research investigated the way players see their role as a musician and how this is linked to the type of clothing they decide to wear. But that focus didn't emerge immediately. When I started I was more interested in trying to investigate the impact of what was worn on those listening, and also whether someone like a violinist might adopt a different style of clothing from, say, someone playing the flute or the trumpet.
答案解析：根据原文When I started I was more interested in trying to investigate the impact of what was worn on those listening可知，一开始我很想调查演奏者着装对于听众的的影响，其中when I started和题目中的originally相对应；those listening和audience相对应，B正确；根据whether someone like a violinist might adopt a different style of clothing from, say, someone playing the flute or the trumpet可知，小提琴手、长笛手和小号手的着装是否有所不同，即the flute or the trumpet = musical instruments；a different style of clothing = dress code，所以E正确，本题选BE。
**27.**Joanna concentrated on women performers because
A women are more influenced by fashion.
B women's dress has led to more controversy.
C women's code of dress is less strict than men's.
SUPERVISOR: You only had women performers in your study. Was that because male musicians are less worried about fashion？
JOANNA: I think a lot of the men are very much influenced by fashion, but in social terms the choices they have are more limited... they'd really upset audiences if they stayed away from quite narrow boundaries.
**28.** Mike Frost's article suggests that in popular music, women's dress is affected by
A their wish to be taken seriously.
B their tendency to copy each other.
C their reaction to the masculine nature of the music.
SUPERVISOR: Did you read Mike Frost's article about the dress of women performers in popular music?
SUPERVISOR: He points out that a lot of female singers and musicians in popular music tend to dress down in performances, and wear less feminine clothes, like jeans instead of skirts, and he suggests this is because otherwise they'd just be discounted as trivial.
答案解析：根据原文可知，女流行乐音乐家会穿牛仔裤，而不是裙子这类女性化服装，因为她们怕被轻视。原文的be discounted as trivial和A的not be taken seriously为同义替换，所以本题选A。
**29.** What did Joanna's subjects say about the audience at a performance?
A The musicians' choice of clothing is linked to respect for the audience.
B The clothing should not distract the audience from the music.
C The audience should make the effort to dress appropriately.
JOANNA: The subjects I interviewed felt this was really important. It's all to do with what we understand by performance as a public event. They believed the audience had certain expectations and it was up to them as performers to fulfill these expectations, to show a kind of esteem …
**30.** According to the speakers, musicians could learn from sports scientists about
A the importance of clothing for physical freedom.
B the part played by clothing in improving performance.
C the way clothing may protect against physical injury.
JOANNA: And I also got interested in what sports scientists are doing too, with regard to clothing.
SUPERVISOR: Musicians are quite vulnerable physically, aren't they, because the movements they carry out are very intensive and repetitive, so I'd imagine some features of sports clothing could safeguard the players from the potentially dangerous effects of this sort of thing.
答案解析：根据原文可知，音乐家表演的时候动作剧烈且重复，肢体上容易受伤，所以运动衣物能保护他们不受伤害。vulnerable physically, dangerous effects = physical injury；safeguard...from = protect against，所以本题选C。